Probiotics; Healthy Microorganisms

Probiotics are products that contain living, well-defined microorganisms (or derived from them), insufficient number, capable of altering the microflora (by implantation or colonization) in certain parts of the human body, and thus exhibit beneficial effects on human health.

Probiotics usually contain single or combined (maximum nine) strains of bacteria, most often lactic acid bacteria, mainly lactobacilli, streptococci, including bifidobacteria, and certain types of fungi.

A mechanism that has a beneficial effect on human health in most cases include:

  • synthesis of antimicrobial substances
  • competition with pathogenic bacteria for nutrients necessary for growth and development
  • modification of toxins and toxin receptors
  • stimulation of non-specific and specific response to pathogens

It’s more and more evidence of the beneficial effects of probiotics on human health. They use in functional foods, dietary supplements, and even for the treatment of some diseases.

Probiotics are no longer just a part of complementary and alternative medicine and occupy an important place in health promotion and disease prevention.

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